Atmospheric circulation The prevailing winds of the atmospheric circulation arise because of the difference in pressure at various latitudes and act as means for distribution of thermal energy on the planet. This pressure difference is because of the differences in solar insolation received at different latitudes and the resulting uneven heating of the planet. Alternating belts of high pressure and low pressure develop along the equator , the two tropics , the Arctic and Antarctic circles, and the two polar regions , giving rise to the trade winds , the westerlies , and the polar easterlies. However, geophysical factors like Earth's orbit , its rotation, and its axial tilt cause these belts to shift gradually north and south, following the Sun 's seasonal shifts.
Monsoon of South Asia
Bellevue — MONSOON
It affects approximately one-third of the global population, influencing the climate of Japan including Okinawa , the Koreas , Taiwan , Hong Kong , Macau , and much of Mainland China. It is driven by temperature differences between the East Asian continent and the Pacific Ocean. The East Asian monsoon is divided into a warm and wet summer monsoon and a cold and dry winter monsoon. This cold and dry winter monsoon is responsible for the aeolian dust deposition and pedogenesis that resulted in the creation of the Loess Plateau.